1 - KALENDS
1 - New Year's Day. Day sacred to Jupiter, Juno, and Janus
1 - Festival for Aesculapius
1 - Agonalia --> During this festival the Romans gave dates, figs, and honey sealed in white jars to the god Janus. Such gifts, and also money, would be given to family members as well. Also celebrated on January 9.
1 - Sacrifice day for Fortuna --> On this day sacrifices were given to Fortuna to convince her to make the new year lucky and bontiful.
1 - Festival for Vedovus
5 - NONES
5 - Festival for Vica Pota
6 - Festival day for Proserpina
8 - Sacred day for Justicia
9 - Agonalia --> During this festival the Romans gave dates, figs, and honey sealed in white jars to the god Janus. Such gifts, and also money, would be given to family members as well. Also celebrated on January 1.
11 - Carmentalia --> This festival was held to honour Carmenta and the Camenae, nymphs of inspiration and prophecy.
11 - Juturnalia --> Juturna was given sacrifices on this day.
12 - Compitalia --> This festival was held to honor the spirits of the crossroads (compitalia = countryside crossroads), and to mark the end of the winter planting season. In the countryside the ritual started at nightfall. Each family member made and hung a woolen doll at the household shrine, and gave strands of garlic to the Lares. In the cities neighbors would gather together and share honeycakes.
13 - IDES
15 - Festival of Carmentalia ends
15 - Feast of the Ass --> This festival commemorated an event in which Vesta was saved by a donkey.
16 - Concordia honored today
17 - A day sacred to Felicitas
17 - Festival of Janus
25 ~ Feriae Sementivae / Sementinae --> "Feast of Spring". This one or two day festival was moveable, but generally began between January 24 and January 26. It was sacred to Tellus, and Ceres, and was a festival for the protection of seeds, either those sown the previous fall, or those to be sown in the spring. During Sementivae, plowing oxen were decorated with garlands, and puppets or masks were hung from tree branches.
30 - Festival of Peace